The Cataract Incision

The accuracy of femtosecond lasers brought new levels of safety to Lasik flap creation which has advanced into cataract surgery. We call the procedure (ReLACS) Refractive Laser-Assisted Cataract Surgery, but it can also be called laser cataract surgery.

The Cataract Incision

Traditionally cataract surgery requires a highly experience surgeon who will perform the surgery at varying quality levels each time. This means that doctors with less volume and experience may do a poor job on your cataract surgery.

The cataract surgeon uses hand-held metal and diamond blades to create incisions in the eye capsule where the sclera meets the cornea. Once inside the eye capsule the surgeon will break up and remove the cataract located right behind the  pupil. Finally the intraocular lens (IOL) is inserted and implanted into place to replace the cloudy natural lens.

Cataract incisions are done in two- or three-plane fashion so that healing can occur with any stitches.

Using lasers, the cataract surgeon can create a precise surgical plane using 3-D imaging of the eye called OCT (optical coherence tomography). The goal of femtosecond lasers is to make the cataract incisions predictably accurate without the surgeons experience be a factor in the quality of the surgery.

Optical coherence tomography is an optical signal acquisition method. It captures very high resolution three-dimensional images from within optical scattering media such as biological tissue.

It is important that these procedures are done accurately which will help in self-healing, fighting infection and better vision results after surgery.